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Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf: A Comprehensive Guide to Islamic Political Theory

Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf: A Comprehensive Guide to Islamic Political Theory

If you are interested in the history and philosophy of Islamic politics, you may want to read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf. This is a translation of a famous work by Ziauddin Barani, a medieval Indian historian and political thinker who lived in the Delhi Sultanate. Barani wrote his Fatwa I Jahandari (Advice on Worldly Affairs) around 1358-9 CE, as a guide for the rulers and nobles of his time. He discussed various topics such as the qualities of a good king, the duties of the subjects, the sources of law and justice, the role of religion and ethics, the causes of political decline and corruption, and the ideal form of government.

Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf

In this article, we will give you an overview of Barani's Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf, and explain why it is an important and relevant work for anyone who wants to understand Islamic political theory. We will also provide you with some tips on how to download and read this PDF file for free.

Who was Ziauddin Barani?

Ziauddin Barani was born in 1285 CE in a noble family of Turkish origin. He was educated in Delhi, where he studied various subjects such as history, law, theology, philosophy, and literature. He became a close associate of several Delhi sultans, especially Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1325-51 CE) and Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1351-88 CE). He served as a judge, a minister, a diplomat, and a historian. He wrote several works on history and politics, but his most famous ones are Tarikh-e Firuz Shahi (History of Firuz Shah) and Fatwa I Jahandari.

Barani was a devout Muslim who followed the Hanafi school of law. He was also influenced by the Sufi mysticism of his teacher Nizamuddin Auliya. He was critical of the Mongol invasions that devastated the Muslim world in the 13th century. He was also concerned about the political and moral decay that he witnessed in his own society. He believed that the rulers and nobles had deviated from the Islamic principles and values that had guided their predecessors. He wrote his Fatwa I Jahandari as a way of advising them on how to reform their policies and conduct.

What is Fatwa I Jahandari?

Fatwa I Jahandari is a treatise on political theory that consists of four chapters. The first chapter deals with the qualities and duties of a king. Barani argues that a king should be just, wise, brave, generous, pious, and loyal to Islam. He should also consult with scholars and experts on matters of statecraft. He should protect his subjects from oppression and injustice, and promote their welfare and happiness. He should uphold the Sharia (Islamic law) and enforce it among his people. He should also support the propagation of Islam and defend it from its enemies.

The second chapter deals with the qualities and duties of the nobles. Barani argues that the nobles should be loyal, obedient, respectful, and grateful to the king. They should also be honest, virtuous, generous, and courageous. They should assist the king in his affairs and advise him sincerely. They should avoid greed, corruption, treachery, and rebellion. They should also be mindful of their religious obligations and follow the Sharia.

The third chapter deals with the sources of law and justice. Barani argues that there are four sources: the Quran (the holy book of Islam), the Sunnah (the traditions of Prophet Muhammad), the Ijma (the consensus of scholars), and the Qiyas (the analogical reasoning). He explains how these sources can be used to derive legal rulings on various issues. He also discusses some controversial topics such as taxation, slavery, jihad (holy war), apostasy (leaving Islam), blasphemy (insulting Islam), etc.

The fourth chapter deals with the causes of political decline and corruption. Barani argues that there are six causes: ignorance, injustice, oppression, luxury, extravagance, and innovation (introducing new things into religion). He gives examples of how these causes have affected previous Muslim dynasties such as the Abbasids, the Ghaznavids, the Seljuks, etc. He also warns about the dangers of these causes for his own society.

Why is Fatwa I Jahandari important?

Fatwa I Jahandari is important for several reasons:

  • It is one of the earliest and most comprehensive works on Islamic political theory in India.

  • It reflects the historical and cultural context of medieval India under Muslim rule.

  • It shows how Barani tried to reconcile his Persian heritage with his Islamic identity.

  • It reveals Barani's views on various political and religious issues that are still relevant today.

  • It provides insights into the challenges and opportunities faced by Muslim rulers and scholars in India.

How to download and read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf?

If you want to download and read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf for free, you can follow these steps:

  • Go to this link, which will take you to an online archive where you can find a scanned copy of Barani's Fatwa I Jahandari translated into English by Mohammad Habib and Afsar Umar Salim Khan.

  • Click on "PDF" under "Download Options" on the right side of the page.

  • A new tab will open where you can see a preview of the PDF file.

  • Click on "Download" on the top right corner of the page.

  • A pop-up window will appear where you can choose where to save the file on your device.

  • Once you have saved the file, you can open it with any PDF reader software or app.

How to understand and apply Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf?

Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf is not only a historical document, but also a source of guidance and inspiration for anyone who wants to learn about Islamic political theory. However, to understand and apply this work, one needs to keep in mind some points:

  • One should read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf with an open mind and a critical eye. One should not accept everything that Barani says without questioning or verifying it. One should also be aware of the biases and limitations of Barani as a human being and as a writer.

  • One should also read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf in its historical and cultural context. One should not judge Barani or his work by modern standards or expectations. One should also not ignore the differences and similarities between Barani's time and ours.

  • One should also read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, which are the primary sources of Islamic guidance. One should not follow Barani's opinions or interpretations if they contradict or deviate from the Quran and the Sunnah.

  • One should also read Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf with the intention of learning and benefiting from it. One should not read it for the sake of argument or controversy. One should also not use it to justify or promote violence or extremism.

By reading Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf in this way, one can gain a better understanding of Islamic political theory and its relevance for today's world.


In this article, we have introduced you to Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf, a translation of a classic work on Islamic political theory by Ziauddin Barani. We have given you some background information about Barani and his time. We have also summarized the main contents and arguments of his Fatwa I Jahandari. We have also explained why this work is important and relevant for anyone who wants to learn about Islamic politics. Finally, we have given you some tips on how to download, read, understand, and apply this work.

We hope that this article has sparked your interest and curiosity in Fatwa I Jahandari 11.pdf. We encourage you to read this work for yourself and discover its wisdom and insights. We also invite you to share your thoughts and feedback with us in the comments section below.

Thank you for reading this article. We wish you all the best in your quest for knowledge and enlightenment. b99f773239


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